With trick questions, somebody knows the answer, and challenges others to discover it. Wicked questions do not have a single obvious answer.
Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: Addiction is defined as a chronic, relapsing disorder characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use despite adverse consequences.
Both disrupt the normal, healthy functioning of an organ in the body, both have serious harmful effects, and both are, in many cases, preventable and treatable.
If left untreated, they can last a lifetime and may lead to death. Facing Addiction in America: Modified with permission from Volkow et al. These fMRI images compare the brain of an individual with a history of cocaine use disorder middle and right to the brain of an individual without a history of cocaine use left.
The person who has had a cocaine use disorder has lower levels of the D2 dopamine receptor depicted in red in the striatum one month middle and four months right after stopping cocaine use compared to the non-user.
The level of dopamine receptors in the brain of the cocaine user are higher at the 4-month mark rightbut have not returned to the levels observed in the non-user left. Why do people take drugs? In general, people take drugs for a few reasons: Drugs can produce intense feelings of pleasure.
This initial euphoria is followed by other effects, which differ with the type of drug used. For example, with stimulants such as cocaine, the high is followed by feelings of power, self-confidence, and increased energy.
In contrast, the euphoria caused by opioids such as heroin is followed by feelings of relaxation and satisfaction. Some people who suffer from social anxiety, stress, and depression start using drugs to try to feel less anxious. Stress can play a major role in starting and continuing drug use as well as relapse return to drug use in patients recovering from addiction.
Some people feel pressure to improve their focus in school or at work or their abilities in sports. This can play a role in trying or continuing to use drugs, such as prescription stimulants or cocaine. Curiosity and social pressure.
In this respect, teens are particularly at risk because peer pressure can be very strong. Teens are more likely than adults to act in risky or daring ways to impress their friends and show their independence from parents and social rules.
If taking drugs makes people feel good or better, what's the problem? When they first use a drug, people may perceive what seem to be positive effects. They also may believe they can control their use. But drugs can quickly take over a person's life. Some people may start to feel the need to take more of a drug or take it more often, even in the early stages of their drug use.
These are the telltale signs of an addiction. Even relatively moderate drug use poses dangers. Consider how a social drinker can become intoxicated, get behind the wheel of a car, and quickly turn a pleasurable activity into a tragedy that affects many lives.
Occasional drug use, such as misusing an opioid to get high, can have similarly disastrous effects, including overdose, and dangerously impaired driving. Do people freely choose to keep using drugs? The initial decision to take drugs is typically voluntary.
But with continued use, a person's ability to exert self-control can become seriously impaired; this impairment in self-control is the hallmark of addiction. Brain imaging studies of people with addiction show physical changes in areas of the brain that are critical to judgment, decision-making, learning and memory, and behavior control.
Why do some people become addicted to drugs, while others do not? No single factor determines whether a person will become addicted to drugs.
As with other diseases and disorders, the likelihood of developing an addiction differs from person to person, and no single factor determines whether a person will become addicted to drugs.
In general, the more risk factors a person has, the greater the chance that taking drugs will lead to drug use and addiction. Protective factors, on the other hand, reduce a person's risk.
Risk and protective factors may be either environmental or biological.Legal Drugs? The Problems of Alcohol - Heroin, Cocaine, and Marijuana are all recognizable variations of drugs.
“A drug is a chemical substance that affects the central nervous system, causing. A euphoriant is a type of psychoactive drug which tends to induce euphoria.
Most euphoriants are addictive drugs due to their reinforcing properties and ability to activate the brain's reward system. We will write a custom essay sample on Alcohol and Drug Abuse specifically for you.
for only $ $/page. Order now. Search. The Problem of Alcohol and Drug Abuse ; Community and Culture Play a Role in Determining the Risk for Alcohol and Drug Abuse ; The Abuse of Alcohol ;.
Indeed, one factor often identified as predisposing a culture to lower rates of alcohol abuse is a comfortable acceptance of beverage alcohol, together with broad agreement about and consistent application of clearly defined limits to its consumption and to people's behavior when drinking.
So, what is the role of community governance as our health system undergoes a “transformation” from our existing system, to the Patients First Integrated Delivery System that Health Minister.
The role of culture in substance use and abuse Sociocultural beliefs can shape the approach to and behavior regarding substance use and abuse. Culture plays a central role in forming the expectations of individuals about potential problems they may face with drug use.
1 For many social groups, this may provide a protective factor.