Wylie's prodigious account of Christianity's remonstrance against the errors of the Church of Rome.
Until aboutthe Roman Catholic population of the United States was a small minority of mostly English Catholics, who were often quite socially accomplished.
But when several years of devastating potato famine led millions of Irish Catholics to flee to the United States in the mid s, the face of American Catholicism began to change drastically and permanently. In the space of fifty years, the Catholic population in the United States suddenly transformed from a tight-knit group of landowning, educated aristocrats into an incredibly diverse mass of urban and rural immigrants who came from many different countries, spoke different languages, held different social statuses, and emphasized different parts of their Catholic heritage.
In Catholics made up only five percent of the total U. When your students hear the enormity of the demographic and religious shift caused by immigration, they will start to understand why so many American citizens became uneasy about the so-called "Catholic hordes.
Why did things change? Why did so many Catholics come to the United States at this time? Why did the country take them? To answer these questions, you might paint for your students a scene or two of the broad Western-hemisphere trend towards economic and social "modernization.
A new managerial "middle class" of clerks and bureaucrats was prospering in the cities, but thousands of peasants were displaced from their land and labor by new farming techniques.
The country had a growing world reputation for democratic ideals and work opportunity. For these peoples, as well as for French Canadian Catholics to the north of the United States and Mexican Catholics to the south, the chance for a new life free of poverty and oppression was too good to pass up.
Millions of sons, fathers, and later whole families left behind their former lives and possessions and boarded crowded ships sailing for New York.
America, for its part, docked ship after ship at Ellis Island for both idealistic and practical reasons. It was the American ideal to welcome the foreigner; all the country's founding groups and many of its leading citizens had been, after all, immigrants. The motto on the Statue of Liberty, "Give Me Your Tired, Your Poor," exemplified the strong tie between immigration and freedom in the national imagination.
But more practically speaking, America's new industries and booming frontier towns demanded large quantities of cheap labor. Guiding Student Discussion But theory doesn't always translate into the feelings and experiences of real people in real situations. Immigration was supposed to be beneficial to the immigrant and to the country, but it also unleashed many fears, insecurities, and troubles on both sides.
It might be a good idea to brainstorm with your students about the positive and negative FEELINGS that both natives and immigrants could have experienced at the time. Let the students imagine and talk about what it might have felt like for the immigrants, who didn't know "the ropes" or in many cases the language.
Let them also imagine what it might have felt like for those already living in America, who saw their cities change so quickly: Immigration is, of course, still very much a part of the American reality and public debate. Some of your students may be Catholic themselves and may be surprised to hear of the former low status of the "assimilated" religion they know.
Some of your students may know of immigration from firsthand experience, being immigrants or children of immigrants themselves.
Essay Causes and Effects of the Protestant Reformation Words | 5 Pages. it, the Protestant Reformation did not happen overnight. Catholics had begun to lose faith in the once infallible Church ever since the Great Schism, when there were two popes, each declaring that the other was the antichrist. The time of the Protestant Reformation was a time of great change in western society. The Roman Catholic Church would see its authority.. The Protestant Reformation And Martin Luther Religion Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the. Protestant Reformation Essay. Topics: Protestant PROTESTANT REFORMATION ZWINGLI/ANABAPTIST While there were many who disagreed with the Catholic Church during the years of the Reformation one of the more striking figures would have to be Huldrych (Ulrich) Zwingli. Huldrych was born in Wildhaus, Switzerland on 1 January
Others may know about immigration from news reports or experiences with neighbors. Don't hesitate to make the connections between the realities and perceptions of Catholicism and immigration then and now. Their experience of the present realities can help them understand the past, and vice versa.
Then, refocus the discussion to make the point that in the nineteenth century, the immigrants' RELIGION, Catholicism, became a focal point for these feelings about immigration on both sides.
The immigrants held onto Catholicism for spiritual comfort and group identity. The older Americans blamed Catholicism for the immigrants' "foreign ways. How did the immigrants express their feelings through their faith?
How did Protestant Americans use Catholicism as a "substitute" for immigration issues?
After several years in America, many Catholic immigrants became sorely disillusioned.The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (German: Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus) is a book written by Max Weber, a German sociologist, economist, and ph-vs.com as a series of essays, the original German text was composed in and , and was translated into English for the first time by American sociologist Talcott Parsons in - The protestant reformation of 16th century had both: immediate and long term effects.
Thus, we can see that it was a revolution of understanding the essence of religion, and of what God is. The protestant reformation is said to a religious movement. Major Causes and Effects of the Protestant Reformation There were several causes of the Protestant Reformation that effected society, politics, and religion in Europe during the 16th century.
The table below presents an abbreviated geologic time scale, with times and events germane to this essay. Please refer to a complete geologic time scale when this one seems inadequate.
The Reformation (more fully the Protestant Reformation, or the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th-century Europe..
It is usually considered to have started with the publication of the Ninety-five Theses by Martin Luther in and lasted until the end of the. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.