Hyperactive individuals often appear as if they NEED to move. They are in almost constant motion, and frequently make excessive noise. Although impulsivity is not included in the diagnostic label, it is also considered a behavior characteristic of this disorder. When impulsivity is paired with hyperactivity, the person appears to act without prior thought or intention.
It is distinguished by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. ADHD may be accompanied by learning disabilities, depression, anxiety, conduct disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder. The etiology of ADHD is unknown, and the disorder may have several different causes.
Investigators have studied, for example, the relation of ADHD to elevated lead levels, abnormal thyroid function, morphologic brain differences, and EEG patterns.
With current public awareness of ADHD, pediatricians and health care providers are reporting increases in referral rates of children with suspected ADHD.
Numerous rating scales and medical tests for evaluation and diagnosis of ADHD are available, with mixed expert opinion on their usefulness. The Agency for Health Care Policy and Research sponsored development of this technical review to summarize current scientific evidence from the literature on the prevalence of ADHD and on the value of various evaluation methods.
The following questions provided a framework for the analysis: What percentage of the U. Of those with ADHD, what percentage has one or more of the following comorbidities: What is the accuracy i. What is the prevalence of abnormal findings on selected medical screening tests commonly recommended as standard components of an evaluation of a child with suspected ADHD?
Diagnostic screening tests, as analyzed under questions 3 and 4, were of two types: The medical screening tests considered included commonly recommended tests that are standard components of an evaluation of a child with suspected ADHD: Reporting the Evidence The evidence on ADHD prevalence and diagnosis reported here was gathered from 87 published articles and 10 behavioral scale manuals.
Studies must have been peer-reviewed and published in the English language between and Abstracts of more than identified citations were reviewed, from which articles and 10 manuals were retrieved and subjected to further consideration.
The published studies had to be soundly designed and conform to specified inclusion and exclusion criteria to qualify for consideration.
A multiple logistic regression model with random effects was used to analyze simultaneously for the effect of age, gender, diagnostic tool, and setting. This model accommodates the fact that each study estimated ADHD rates under slightly different conditions. Summary Findings The significant findings derived from the analysis are summarized below.
ADHD prevalence is much higher when academic and behavioral functioning impairment criteria are not considered Boys have higher rates of ADHD than do girls.Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder, otherwise known as ADHD, is the most common psychiatric condition effecting % of school-aged children in the United States (intuniv, ).
If the disorder goes untreated, it will cause more long-term side effects and difficulties for the individual as an adult. Overview. ADHD is one of the most common childhood disorders. Approximately % of school-aged children have the disorder.
Prevalence rates seem to vary by community, with some research indicating that larger cities may have rates as high as %. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is defined by intense inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness in a ph-vs.com with ADHD have many problems in academic settings.
Some of these problems are similar to the problems of people with learning disabilities: slow and inefficient reading, slow essay-writing, and frequent errors in math. Overview of ADHD Essay - Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder, otherwise known as ADHD, is the most common psychiatric condition effecting % of school-aged .
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What percentage of the U.S. general population aged 6 to 12 years has ADHD? Of those with ADHD, what percentage has one or more of the following comorbidities: learning disabilities, depression, anxiety, conduct disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder?