Sophie germain

In the year of her birth, the American Revolution began. Thirteen years later the French Revolution began in her own country. In many ways Sophie embodied the spirit of revolution into which she was born.

Sophie germain

If they took away your light, your clothes, even your warmth. This is what happened to Sophie Germain, born in a time when it was frowned upon to allow women to learn.

Sophie germain

The daughter of a wealthy upper class French family, Sophie Germain was born inthe year of the American Revolution.

Sophie was thirteen years old when the Bastille fell. Paris was an unstable and dangerous city. As she was reading one day she came across a story of the death of Sophie germain Greek mathematician Archimedes.

Although Archimedes was a brilliant man, it was the way he died that left Sophie spellbound. She read how Archimedes was slain through the side with a spear by a Roman soldier who was conquering the citizens of Syracuse.

So engrossed was Archimedes in his geometric drawings that he failed to recognize his own danger. Sophie wanted to know what Archimedes was working on. Sophie germain could be so engaging, so exciting, that a person would ignore their own impending death? Her family agreed with the popular English notion of the time that "brainwork" was not healthy - even dangerous - for girls.

They began to forbid Sophie from studying mathematics. Sophie, however, had a strong mind and was determined to educate herself. Night after night she crawled out of bed and studied after everyone else had gone to sleep. But Sophie smuggled candles into her room and continued her studies.

Germain’s Introduction to Mathematics

When her parents found her one morning, sound asleep at her desk with her pen in a frozen ink well, they relented and allowed her studies. Without a tutor, Sophie spent the Reign of Terror, that unsettled time in France, teaching herself differential calculus.

When Sophie was eighteen, the Ecole Polytechnique, a technical academy established to train mathematicians and scientists, was founded.

Sophie was denied admittance due to her sex but was able to obtain lecture notes from friends. Sophie was particularly interested in the lectures by Legrange, a notable mathematician of the time.

When a paper was assigned, Sophie submitted one under the pen name of Monsier LeBlanc. Upon discovering the author was a woman, Legrange was astonished but, although bound by the prejudices of the time, recognized the abilities of Germain and began to help and encourage her.

InGermain once more took up pen and paper and wrote the German mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss. Concerned that Gauss may also be prejudiced against women, she once again used the pen name of M. As with Legrange before him, Gauss found her comments valuable and initiated correspondence.

When Gauss discovered her true identity, he too, was open-minded about women scholars. In Germain submitted her paper which won the grand prize from the French Academy for her work on the law of vibrating elastic surfaces.

This theory helped to explain and predict the unusual patterns formed by sand or powder on elastic surfaces when they were vibrated. Such studies in elasticity made the construction of the Eiffel Tower possible.

Sophie germain

Sophie Germain died in at the age of She had been in pain for two years, suffering from breast cancer. There she was also to have finally met Gauss, who had recommended that the degree be granted her. Women in Mathematics, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Math Equals; Biographies of Women Mathematicians.

Addison- Wesley Publishing Company, Reimer, Luetta, and Wilbert Reimer. Mathematicians Are People, Too. Dale Seymour Publication, Written by Amanda Swift, Class of (Agnes Scott College) Sophie Germain was born in an era of revolution.

In the year of her birth, the American Revolution began. Written by Amanda Swift, Class of (Agnes Scott College) Sophie Germain was born in an era of revolution. In the year of her birth, the American Revolution began.

Sophie Germain, while memorialized today as a luminary in the history of mathematics, was relatively unrecognized in her own day.

Sophie Germain - Wikipedia

Sophie Germaine dedicated herself early to becoming a mathematician, despite family obstacles and lack of precedent. The French Academy of Sciences awarded her . Born: Paris, April 1, Died: Paris, June 26, Revolutionary Mathematician.

By all accounts, Sophie Germain was a somewhat withdrawn was the second of three daughters of a Parisian silk merchant, Ambroise-François Germain. Sophie Germain: An Essay in the History of the Theory of Elasticity (Studies in the History of Modern Science) (Volume 6) Oct 31,

Sophie Germain: Revolutionary Mathematician