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He did not restrict himself to Constitutional arguments, nor did he consider slavery simply a necessary evil. He argued this without relying on racist beliefs about Negro inferiority; on the contrary, he explicitly doubted whether one man in twenty, black or white, was really fit to govern himself.
The scale of Northern economic success therefore itself proved free society the greater exploiter of human beings. Fitzhugh further argued that capitalist advance would inevitably drive the wage level below that necessary for human subsistence. For Fitzhugh, the only solution to nineteenth-century social problems was the extension of slavery.
In a typically striking passage, he suggested that Northern philanthropists would better help mankind by purchasing slaves rather than freeing them. The natural affection of the household or domestic sphere extended to slavery, he argued, made it benign while the absence of a natural familial tie in the Northern system of free labor made it intolerable.
One interpreter has suggested that Fitzhugh can best be understood as the inheritor of the Tory tradition of Sir Robert Filmer, whose Patriarcha contains arguments against which John Locke composed his Two Treatises of Civil Government In the early s, however, ex-Marxist historian Eugene Genovese responded to the collapse of communism by aggressively championing the insights of Fitzhugh.
Genovese saw in Fitzhugh the best foundation in the American tradition on which to construct a needed antiliberal critique of the alienation and anomie within bourgeois society.
Further Reading Genovese, Eugene. Harvard University Press, Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, Propagandist of the Old South.difficulty finding enough laborers to work their plantations.
Toward the end of the s, the planters began to turn to enslaved Africans for labor. Location The Southern Colonies were south of what latitude? 2. On large Southern plantations, slaves toiled in groups of about 20 to But, for example, when Sherman marched through Georgia and South Carolina, the southern white males that remained would flee to the hills with their slaves and other chattel while leaving their women folk at home to deal with the Union Army.
Southern slaves were viewed in economic terms of labor to capital. While the ownership of slaves was a source of pride in plantation owners, this interdependence created a vicious cycle of rashness that caused slave owners to become irrational.
In the beginning of the 17th century, slavery was more common in the southern colonies than in the northern ones. In addition to African slaves, poor Europeans were brought in substantial numbers as indentured servants, particularly in the British Thirteen Colonies.
Distribution of Slaves in In , in an attempt to raise money for sick and wounded soldiers, the Census Office produced and sold a map that showed the population distribution of slaves in the southern United States.
southern black looked with eagerness to his emancipation. In many cases, the negro slave desired to help fight his former owners, to bring down the institution of slavery.