At whatever level we study it--relationships between individuals, new names for sports clubs, the human admixture at cocktail parties, in the police, on the directing boards of national or private banks--decolonization is quite simply the replacing of a certain "species" of men by another "species" of men. Without any period of transition, there is a total, complete, and absolute substitution. It is true that we could equally well stress the rise of a new nation, the setting up of a new state, its diplomatic relations, and its economic and political trends.
Independent music Commercial DIY music has its origins in the mid s punk rock scene. The DIY ethic gives total control over the final product without need to compromise with record labels. That involves woodworking, concrete work and a vast variety of craftsmanship to build the most original and creative spaces to skate.
Built without permission by skateboarders and later sanctioned by the city, Burnside is the preeminent example of action. After that the culture spread over and other parks started to appear.
DIY bicycle projects can include creative ways to revamp or transform your bike,  but are primarily built on empowering cyclists to understand how their bikes work and how easy they are to fix themselves in order to make cycling an even easier transportation option.
Cycling has also seen an explosion of DIY-style shops " bike co-ops "such as the Bicycle Kitchen in Los Angeles, where anyone can come in and be mentored by a volunteer and get access to tools for maintaining and modifying their own bicycle.
Around the world[ edit ] United Kingdom[ edit ] Having originated in the late s and early s in the form of the free festival movementmutating through protest camps thus incorporating elements of earlier radical tendencies such as the beat and peace movements and into punk through bands such as CrassDIY culture became something of a recognised movement in the s in the UKwhere the protest the direct action and party the festival converged.
The prime example of this movement was the Exodus Collective. This development constituted a significant cross-pollination of pleasure and politics resembling the anti-disciplinary politics of the s.
During the s, demonstrating the desire for an economy of mutual aid and co-operation, the commitment to the non-commodification of art, the appropriation of digital and communication technologies for free community purposes, and the commitment to alternative technologies such as biodiesel.
From — the Conservative government cracked down on squattinganimal rights activists, greenstravellersas well as ravesparties and dance culture.
Inthe United Kingdom passed the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act which contained several sections designed to curtail the growing free party and anti-road protest movements sometimes embodied by ravers and travellers. It empowered police to arrest citizens who appeared to be preparing to hold a rave, waiting for a rave to start, or attending a rave.
United States[ edit ] DIY culture in the United States can be linked to many of the same philosophies of the Arts and Crafts movement of the s, which sought to reconnect people with hands-on activities and the aesthetics associated with them. DIY culture in the US arguably evolved from a simple cost-saving activity of the s and s to an increasingly radical political activity which stood against the increasingly visible trends of mass-production, conspicuous consumerism, waste, and the industrial corporate philosophy of planned obsolescence.
DIY culture in the US is a current and evolving loose coalition of various individuals. There are many members of DIY culture with distinct and activist philosophies and goals, such as Betsy Greer who coined the term Craftivism in There are also many people with a staunch neutrality of political and social issues adopted by other members of the DIY movement.
The largest group fall into an area somewhere between these two opposites, as varied in the spectrum of political and social philosophy as members of any large and thriving subculture. I loved the idea of designing or illustrating something and doing the printing myself. Most of my time is spent in front of the computer so the printing is a great way to get my hands dirty again, so to speak.
This leads to disconnect between the person and the physical world around them - including other people - and is a secondary significant motivating force in leading people to embrace DIY culture.
It provides new venues for crafters to show and sell their wares, and it offers original, unusual, alternative, and better-made goods to consumers who choose not to fall in step with mainstream commerce.
On top of these practical and political motivations is the pleasure that comes from developing an idea, making it physically real, and sharing it with other people. These views are not universal or without variation, however.
National liberation, national renaissance, the restoration of nationhood to the people, commonwealth: whatever may be the headings used or the new formulas introduced, decolonization is always a . DIY ethic refers to the ethic of self-sufficiency through completing tasks without the aid of a paid expert. Literally meaning "do it yourself", the DIY ethic promotes the idea that anyone is capable of performing a variety of tasks rather than relying on paid ph-vs.com DIY ethic requires that the adherent seeks out the knowledge required to complete a given task. King's philosophy of nonviolence, as reviewed in the Six Principles of Nonviolence, guide these steps for social and interpersonal change. INFORMATION GATHERING: To understand and articulate an issue, problem or injustice facing a person, community, or institution you must do research.
Do I make things for spiritual reasons? We make things for two reasons: Pad is the guerrilla approach to home decorating. The point is to get involved. Developments in media software and the proliferation of high-speed internet access have given artists of all ages and abilities from across the globe, the opportunity to make their own films, records, or other creative content, and distribute it over the web.
Such works were usually displayed on a private homepage, and gained popularity through word-of-mouth recommendations or being attached to chain letters known as viral distribution. Sites like Newgrounds and DeviantArt allow users to post their art and receive community critique, while Instructables allows DIYers to exhibit their works in an instructional how-to format.
It is becoming common for content creators to share and receive compensation for their work online.The strength of nonviolence lies in its ability to dramatically reduce the moral legitimacy of those who persist in using violent strategies against non-violent opposition.
Non -violent resistance is a strategy for countering the power of violent force with the power of the integrative system. INTRODUCTION. This chapter provides a critical perspective on violence by exploring the most prominent scientific or academic theories of violence in general rather than those of violence .
approach to understanding nonviolence compares to the preceding discussion of different authors’ ideas.
As part of this definitional discussion, be sure to explain the conceptualization of power. Abolitionist Approach Posters. Please note, these posters are setup to be print-ready (including crop marks for a professional printer). Given their size, they will not print correctly on most home printers.
The Approach of Nonviolence Essay Words 4 Pages “An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind” (Mahatma Gandhi), welcome to the world of non-violence, not similar to ‘disney land’ but merely a small philosophical village coated in white, decorated with crystals and abundant in doves; white resembling peace, crystals for clarity and.
Paul Kingsnorth is a writer and poet living in Cumbria, England.
He is the author of several books, including the poetry collection Kidland and his fictional debut The Wake, winner of the Gordon Burn Prize and the Bookseller Book of the Year Award. Kingsnorth is the cofounder and director of the Dark Mountain Project, a network of writers, artists, and thinkers.