The benefits of nuclear power to society

It is either a process of radioactive decay or it forms from a nuclear reaction. This causes the nucleus of an atom to split into smaller parts, creating free neutrons and gamma protons. At the same time, a rather large amount of energy is released that can be captured for a variety of purposes. First discovered in by Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann, the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear fission must be carefully considered because of the amount of power this process generates.

The benefits of nuclear power to society

Energy cannot be created nor be destroyed but it can be converted from one form to another. Nearly all the mass of the atom is concentrated in a tiny nucleus in the center. The nucleus is composed principally of two sorts of particles: Lately, debates have raged over nuclear energy, which begs the question: Read on to find the answers to this question.

This means it does not need pumping out of the ground and does not contribute to dangerous emissions. Nuclear energy is produced using two main processes; fission and fusion. Nuclear fission is able to generate well over 10 million times the energy which is produced by the combustion of fossil fuels.

On the flip side, nuclear fusion which involves joining nuclei is able to produce vast amounts of nuclear energy, but safe control mechanisms have not been developed yet. Fusion occurs naturally up in the sun and the stars as well as in nuclear reactors built by humans.

Various Advantages of Nuclear Energy While using fossil fuels to generate electricity may carry no threat of a large disaster, they are not good for the environment since they emit unlimited amounts of greenhouse gasses. Nuclear energy is completely safe for the environment if managed properly.

Here is a rundown on the main advantages of nuclear energy: The periods between refueling have been substantially extended, plus downtime for refueling has been significantly minimized.

In the United States, for example, these enhancements through the years have been equated to building one reactor each year to the existing ones. Most nuclear reactors are designed to operate for more than 40 years. Most of the reactors are nearing that age in perfect condition and projections are that they could still operate for another 20 years.

No greenhouse gas emissions Nuclear reactor operations emit zero greenhouse gasses. Although the process of mining, enrichment, construction and waste management of uranium involves emission of greenhouse gasses, the total emissions are way lower compared to emissions from fossil fuels.

Competitive cost The cost of nuclear power is very much stable and competitive.

The benefits of nuclear power to society

On the other hand, the cost of power derived from fossil fuels pretty much depends on the market. When the market is good, oil prices become stable. When the market is volatile, oil prices may shoot up or plummet.

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Nuclear energy is compact A nuclear power station is compact, which means it quintessentially covers an area the size of a football stadium and the surroundings. Wind turbines, solar cells, and growing biomass all need huge area of land.

The modern day nuclear power plants are safe Developers of the current nuclear power plants have drawn from the weaknesses of the past disasters like the Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, and Japan.

The current nuclear power plants do not depend on external electricity supplies or external water supplies for purposes of cooling.

Instead, they utilize water fed by gravity, gas pressurized water tanks, and natural convection heat exchangers. To start with, the cost of uranium, the raw material for the production of nuclear energy, is not expensive.

When the plant is up and running, the maintenance cost will hardly be felt. Even if market shifts occur and the cost of uranium shoots up, the effect on the cost of power will hardly be felt.

Powerful and Efficient The other main advantage of using nuclear energy is that it is very powerful and efficient than other alternative energy sources.

Advancement in technologies has made it more viable option than others. This is one the reason that many countries are putting huge investments in nuclear power. Is Nuclear Energy Renewable? The definition of renewable energy involves unlimited availability of the resource, the capability to replenish itself and the characteristic to cause minimum impact on the environment.

The question of whether nuclear energy is renewable still elicits debates to this day despite the fact that it is a low-carbon power generation source. The 5 substantiated renewable sources of energy used on a daily basis include solar, wind, hydro, geothermal and biomass.Advantages of nuclear fusion versus nuclear fission Currently the generation of electricity in nuclear reactors is done by nuclear fission reactions.

For the moment, nuclear fusion is 4/4(1K). But for many countries, nuclear power's benefits outweigh its risks.

The benefits of nuclear power to society

Top 10 Nuclear Producers The United States is the world's largest producer of nuclear power. THE BENEFITS OF NUCLEAR ENERGY The only clean, safe energy source capable of ensuring the continuation of our industrial civilization while protecting the environment.

Nuclear power should be deployed rapidly to replace coal, oil and gas in the industrial countries, and. Mar 14,  · What are the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power? Nuclear power is calculated, using LNT and collective dose, to be causing millions of cancer deaths.

The DOE and IAEA are chartered officially to promote nuclear power (look it up) so they deny the deaths. The nuclear power technology and manufacturing supply chain is a global export business for domestic businesses—not just for multinationals but also closely held nuclear-rated component suppliers, forgers, and .

Nuclear power plants don't emit any greenhouse gases, unlike coal and natural gas. As a result, they don't contribute to climate change. This benefit is becoming more attractive as .

Nuclear Energy Pros and Cons - Energy Informative